Hazrat Mumshad Alvi Dinwari
His title was Karimud Deen Mun’im. Dinwar is a city between the cities of Hamdaan and Baghdaad. He hails from Dinwar. He is known by the title Karimud Deen Mun’im because of his generosity. He was very wealthy. He attended to the requirements of a great number of needy and poor. Afterwards he adopted poverty and went to Makkah Mukarramah.
He acquired perfection in mujaahadah and riyaadhat (spiritual exercises and penances). He was a Hafiz of the Qur’aan and an Imaam in Uloom-e-Zaahiri and Uloom-e-Baatini.
He was honoured with the company (suhbat) of Ibn Jala’ and his seniors. Besides Khwajah Hubairah, he (Hadhrat Mumshad) had acquired Ijaazat (i.e. Khilaafate – Permission to initiate Mureedeen) in several other Silsilah as well.
There is some uncertainty in whether Khwajah Mumshad Dinwari and Khwajah Ilw Dinwari are the same person or two different persons. Since the date of death and other anecdotes attached to both names are identical, it appears that both names refer to the same person. However, on account of the Silsilah attached to the names being different, some claim that these two names refer to different persons. Khwajah Ilw Dinwari is enumerated in the Chishti Silsilah while Khwajah Mumshad Dinwari is said to belong to the Suharwardi Silsilah. However, the first view is more reliable.
He was a perpetual faster. It is said that even during infancy he would sometimes abstain from drinking his mother’s milk. He is therefore called a born wali.
Before becoming bay’t, he was in the suhbat (company) of Hadhrat Khidhr (alayhis salaam) who instructed him to attach himself to a Shaikh. Immediately on becoming bay’t, he was given Ijaazat (appointed Khalifah). His Shaikh cast Tawajjuh on him and made a special dua for him. Simultaneously with the dua Hadhrat Ilw Mumshad became unconscious. He regained conscious only to become unconscious again. After this state (consciousness and unconsciousness) occurred forty times, his Shaikh applied his saliva to Hadhrat Mumshad’s mouth. This completely stabilised him. The Shaikh asked: “Ilw, what did you see?” He said:
“In thirty years of mujaahadah I did not acquire what I gained in a little tawajjuh of the Shaikh.”
Hadhrat Mumshad’s words had a powerful effect on the hearts of people. Once when he saw a few idolaters worshipping an idol, he said:
“Does it not shame you to worship something besides Allah?”
This statement alone constrained the whole group of idolaters to accept Islam. (A person whose words exercise overwhelming influence on the audience is called Saahib-e-Ta’theer).
Some of His Sayings
A man who considers himself significant even while in the company of a buzrug will gain nothing from the advices of that buzrug.
Sitting in the suhbat of the people of rectitude (i.e. the Auliya) produces rectitude in the heart while the company of the people of corruption produces corruption in the heart.
Abandonment of futility is called Tasawwuf. Abandoning things to which the heart inclines is called tawakkul.
Until I had left behind all my knowledge and conditions (spiritual states), I did not go into the company of a buzrug. After I had left my Uloom and Haalaat (spiritual states), I entered into the service of a buzrug and waited in expectation of the barakaat (spiritual blessings and benefits) which are obtainable from his ziyaarat (looking at him) and his discourse. When a man goes with his own spiritual states to a buzrug, then he is deprived of the fuyoodh (spiritual benefits) of that buzrug because of engrossment in his own knowledge.
If you accumulate the wisdom of former and later times and if you claim to possess the spiritual states of the Auliya, you will not reach the rank of the Aarifeen as long as your baatin (spiritual heart) is not at peace with Allah and as long as you lack complete reliance on what has been predestined for you.
The changing conditions (of life on earth) do not influence a man whose goal is Allah Ta’ala.
On one of my journeys I saw a Shaikh from whom the signs of goodness exuded. I requested him for naseehat. He said:
“Keep up your courage and guard it. Courage is the forerunner of a man’s righteous deeds. All acts and states become simple for one whose courage is high.”
In Tabqaat, Imaam Sha’rani says that Khwajah Mumshad (rahmatullah alayh) died in the year 297 Hijri. However, according to the author of Khazeenah 298 Hijri is the unanimous claim of the historians. The author of Anwar records the date as 14th Muharram 299 Hijri which was the era of the reign of the Abbasi Khalifah, Muqtadir Bil-lah. His grave is in Dinwar.
On the occasion of his death, a buzrug who was sitting near to him was making dua for Jannat (i.e. May Allah grant Hadhrat Mumshad Jannat). Hadhrat Mumshad laughed and said:
“For 30 years Jannat with all its adornments appeared before me, but I did not take a proper look at it even once. I yearn for the Master of Jannat.”Khwajah Abu Muhammad, Khwajah Abu Ahmad Baghdaadi, Khwajah Abu Ishaq and Khwajah Isti’dad Ahmad Dinwari are his khulafaa. Among them Khwajah Abu Ishaq is a member of our Shajarah