Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Naqshband
Hazrat Hujjatullāh Khwājā Muhammad Naqshband Sirhindī (1034-1115 AH) was the second son of Imam Muhammad Ma’sūm Fārūqī Sirhindī (1007-1079), may Allah be pleased with them both. He was born in the month of Dhu al-Qa’dā 1034 AH. His name was chosen to be Muhammad Naqshband and he was often called Naqshband Thānī (Naqshband the second). He was usually called with his title Hujjatullāh (proof of Allah).
He learned Islamic sciences from the finest scholars of that time, including his uncle Khwaja Muhammad Sa’eed Sirhindi, who would often say that he comes not to learn but to teach (refering to his exceptional learning abilities and extraordinary comments on classical Islamic texts). He would even engage in scholarly debates with his teachers, which could last for many hours.
He was spiritually trained by his father and was given complete Ijazah (authority) in the Mujaddidi tariqah. According to most sources, he was the third Qayyūm in the line of Qayyūmiyah, the highest rank of sainthood and spiritual mastery.
He was known to be a shaykh of the military, as he used to live in the Mughal army and was a spiritual master of many soldiers and commanders.
He performed Hajj twice, second time in about 1095 AH.
He used to say that I often receive Ilhām (divine words) that I have forgiven your friends (his followers).
Once he raised his head from Muraqbah and said, Hazrat Musa (alaih-is-salām) has come.
His grandson and spiritual successor Khwaja Muhammad Zubair Sirhindi narrates, that once Khwaja Hujjatullah was sitting in his home and was quite ill. An angel appeared in its real form, wearing a turban, and said to him that Allah has sent Salām to you. He raised his face and saw the angel with his physical eyes, and replied with the following words:
اللهم انت السلام و منک السلام تبارک يا ذالجلال والاکرام
He passed away to the eternal world on 9 Muharram 1115 AH (14 May 1703) at the age of 80, and was buried in Sirhind (India)