Hazrat Abdur Razzaq Jilani
Name: He was named Abdur Razzaq, and was also known as Abu Bakr, Abul Farh, Abdur Rahman and was given the title of "Taj-ud-Deen" or "Crown of Deen".
Birth: Taj-ud-Deen, Sayyiduna Sayyad Abdur Razzaq (alaihir rahmah) was worn in the night of 18 Dhil Qaddah 528 A.H. in the city of Baghdad Shareef. Another narration states that he was born on 14 Rajab 553 A.H. at the time of Asar. He is the fourth son of Sayyiduna Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (alaihir rahmah).
Education: Taaj-ud-Deen was endowed with knowledge by his great father, Sultanul Awliya, Qutbul Aqtaab, Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (alaihir rahmah). He also took Bai'at (Oath of Allegiance) and received Khilafat (Spiritual Successorship) from his father. Almost his entire knowledge was gained at his father's feet. He also increased his knowledge by associating with learned scholars of his time. He used to listen to Ahadith from the Masha'ikhs and eventually compiled his own book of Ahadith.
General Achievements: Sayyaduna Sayyad Abdur Razzaq (alaihir rahmah) is the eleventh Shaykh-e-Tariqat of the Silsila Aaliya Qadiriya Radawwiyah. He was a Hafiz-al-Quran and Shaykh-ul-Hadith. Due to his immense knowledge, he attained the position of Mufti of Iraq. He held an extremely high status in respect to Islamic Jurisprudence. He was a very polite, hospitable and humble person. He was known for his gratefulness, patience, gratitude and excellent character. Piety and keeping silent were an integral part of his character. Besides attending the Jumma prayer and attending to special needs, he was never seen out of his house. Although he lived a life of poverty and hardship, he was noted for his generosity. He had great love and affection for his students. Sayyaduna Abdur Razzaq (alaihir rahmah) was a follower of Sayyaduna Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (alaihir rahmah).
Piety: He feared Almighty Allah completely. He had the same features and qualities as his father. He was so modest and repentant that for three years he never looked up into the skies. This act was performed due to his fear for Almighty Allah.
Literature: His famous Kitab, "Jalaa-ul-Khawaatir" is available. The majority of his works are not mentioned.
Children: He had 5 sons and 2 daughters: Sayyiduna Shaykh Abu Swaleh Nasr, Sayyaduna Shaykh Abul Qasim Abdur Raheem, Sayyaduna Shaykh Abu Muhammad Ismail, Sayyiduna Shaykh Abdul Muhasin Fazlullah, Sayyaduna Shaykh Jamalullah, Sayyaduna Bibi Sa'ada and Sayyaduna Umme Muhammad (radi Allahu anhum ajma'in).
Demise: Sayyaduna Sayyad Abdur Razzaq (alaihir rahmah) passed away on Friday, 6 Shawwal 623 A.H. His Janazah Salaah was performed at seven different places because of the large number of people. He was buried in the same area of his Imam, Sayyaduna Imam Ahmad bib Hanbal (alaihir rahmah), in Baghdad Shareef