Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Mukharrami
Sultan al-Awliyah, Burhan al-Asfiyah, Qibla-e-Saalika, Waaqif-e-Haqeeqat, Jaami'e Uloom-e-Ma'rifat, Hadrat Shaykh Abu Saeed al-Mubaarak al-Makhzoomi Rahmatullah Alayh is the sixteenth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyyah Nooriyah. He is the Great and Eminent Shaykh (Murshid) of Peeran-e-Peer Dastgeer Hadrat Sayyiduna Gawth al Aa'zam Shaykh abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. He was also appointed as a chief justice, but he later left his position. He spent all his time in the Zikr of Allah.
Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Rahmatullah Alayh was born in Baghdad Shareef.
His blessed name is Mubaarak bin Ali bin Hassan bin Bandaar Al Baghdadi Al Makhzoomi and he was known as Abu Sa'eed. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]
He is the mureed and Khalifa of Shaykh Abul Hassan Ali Hakaari Razi AllahTala Anhu. The Shajra of his Khirqa Mubaarak is as follows :
Hadrat Shaykh Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Rahmatullah Alayh was blessed with the Khirqa by Hadrat Shaykh Ibrahim Abul Hassan Ali Hakaari Razi AllahTala Anhu, He received this from Shaykh Abul Farah Tartoosi Razi AllahTala Anhu,who received it from Shaykh Abul Fadhl Abdul Waahid bin Abdul Aziz Razi AllahTala Anhu,who received it from Shaykh Abu Bakr Shibli Razi AllahTala Anhu. [Maqamaat-e-Dastageeri]
His spiritual sight was so powerful, that when he embraced anyone, or placed his sight on him, then he would become so pure, that his heart would divorce itself from the world and everything in it. He was one of the greatest Imams of Fiqh in his era. He was a muqalid of Imam Ahmed bin Hambal Razi AllahTala Anhu.
Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Rahmatullah Alayh is the founder of Baabul Azj, the most famous madrassa in Baghdad Shareef. He handed this madrassa over to Hadrat Ghaus-e-Azam Jilaani Razi AllahTala Anhu in his physical life. Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Razi AllahTala Anhu taught at this Madrassa, and his beloved children taught in it after his wisaal.
Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi Rahmatullah Alayh says,
"Shaykh Abdul Qaadir Razi AllahTala Anhu wore the Khirqa from me and I from him, and each of us attained blessings from the other."
He was also a great Saahib-e-Karaamat and held a very exalted position in the chain of wilaayat. The incident relating to how Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Razi AllahTala Anhu attained the Khirqa from his Peer, can be found in the next chapter, which deals with Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Razi AllahTala Anhu.
Hadrat Shaykh Hamaad Razi AllahTala Anhu who is from amongst the Masha'ikh of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Razi AllahTala Anhu says,
“Once Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Razi AllahTala Anhu presented himself in the Darbaar of his Peer-o-Murshid. He sat with great respect in the court of his Peer. When he woke up and went outside, His Peer, Hadrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi Rahmatullah Alayh said, The foot of this non-Arab is such, that in his era, his foot will be on the shoulders (necks) of all the Awliyah Allah, and this will occur when he says, This foot of mine is on the shoulders of all the Awliyah Allah, he will say this, and all the Awliyah will lower their necks.”
Many of the predecessors have remained silent concerning the names of his Khulafa, but the one name that shines out clearly is that of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam, Shaykh Muhiyyudeen Abdul Qaadir Jilaani Razi AllahTala Anhu.
He passed away on a Monday, the 7th of Shabaan 513 Hijri, in Baghdad Shareef. Some scholars have also said his wisaal to be on the 4th of Shabaan, 27th Shabaan or 10th Muharram.
His Mazaar Shareef is situated in his Madrassa "Baab al-Azj" and is the place of attaining blessings for the servants of Allah.